After an initial diagnosis of cystitis, few preventive procedures are necessary because in the majority of the cases, patients won’t experience another infection for years. Nevertheless, according to the urologists New York at the URO Center, there are numerous common sense methods that should be tried, even if the patient hasn’t had an infection.
Drinking a lot of fluid is key for the prevention and treatment of infections and kidney stones. Cranberry juice seems to offer some protection, but for some people caffeine seems to promote infection. Spicy foods, acidic foods, alcohol, too much sex, too little sex, and different sexual positions can all cause problems.
Second is hygiene. After a bowel movement, always wipe from front to back away from the vagina. Cleanse the vaginal area before and after sex with a hand held water spray if possible, but avoid bubble baths, which might irritate the vagina. Also, try to urinate before and/or after sex.
If a patient suffers from recurrent cystitis or vaginal infections and she doesn’t douche, they might try it to determine if it helps. If a patient experiences recurring infections and she does douche, your urologists New York suggest stopping for a period of time to see if it helps the problem.
For many women, during their reproductive years, sex, birth control and the use of tampons are often the culprits. Cleanse the vagina before and after sex and be sure to remove and or change tampons, diaphragms, spermicidal sponges, etc. as soon as possible. It is also possible that condoms may cause an irritation or infection. If a patient suspects that any of these are causing problems they should try another form or brand of birth control.
For recurrent infections, antibiotics may be useful. If the UTIs appear after intercourse, your urologists New York may prescribe an antibiotic to be taken right before or after sex to decrease the chance of infection.
Another option is to take a low dose antibiotic periodically or try what is called patient directed antibiotics, where patients are given an antibiotic and urine culture container beforehand. So when they feel an infection coming on, they collect a urine specimen and start the antibiotic immediately. This approach reduces the discomfort from the infections while still providing information about what bacteria initially caused it.
For more information regarding recurrent infections, contact the urologists New York at the URO Center, Drs. Blaivis and Purohit.